A Trademark Office is the office where trademarks are examined for originality, registered, and protected for the specified period of time. Such a trade mark office is governed and regulated by either federal government or state government. A trademark registered by the State Government, is protected only in the places of the State, while a trademark registered with the federal government enjoys protection nationwide. In some countries like USA, provisions for both State and Federal trademark registrations are present, for State- and National-level businesses respectively. For the international business, trademarks are registered by individual countries concerned, or through the Madrid Agreement Route. The WTO rules and recommendations, and the features of the TRIPS Agreement, play significant and vital roles, regarding national and international trademark registrations.
Any trade mark registration office essentially conducts the trademark search, examination of originality and distinctiveness, and lawful registration of every trademark application filed with it. Therefore, the trade mark registration offices are well-equipped with all requisite resources, professionals, and technology, to carry out these all meticulous, responsible, and scrupulous works promptly. These trademark registration offices in their comprehensive trademark search and examination, cover all major national and international trademark databases, all registered trademarks, all filed trademark application awaiting registration, and all trademarks present in the Prior Art public domains, concerned with the specific business and the specified field. For making the verification and registration process easier and simpler, it is generally recommended by almost all trademark ofices to obtain first, a report regarding the originality and distinctiveness of any trademark (from the concerned trade mark registration office, or any accredited trademark search agency), before applying for trademark registration.
In India, Trademarks are registered under the federal registration system, with offices in certain regional locations in all across the country. Registration with any of these regional trademark offices, gives protection to the trademark rights in all over the country. The Offices of the Trade Marks Registry are well-established in Mumbai, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Chennai, and Kolkata. Each of these regional Offices of the Trade Marks Registry provides trademark registrations for business owners of several regional States. For example, the Office of the Trade Marks Registry located at Dwarka New Delhi, undertakes trademark registration for people belonging to the States of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, J & K, and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
In these trademark registration offices, trademarks are registered under the new Trade Marks Act, 1999, together with the old Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958. The new Trade Marks Act of 1999, which came into effect from September 2003, is in close conformity with the recommendations of WTO (World Trade Organization) and the TRIPS Agreement.