The Society Registration is the process or instance of incorporating a literary, scientific, or charitable society or non-governmental organization, under the Societies Registration Act. In India, the society registration is carried out under the Societies Registration Act of 1860, which is an all-India act. This society registration for various types of societies is conducted and controlled by the Registrar of Societies or the Registrar of Joint Stock Companies in the State concerned. These societies are formed for certain specific purposes and services to the people of society who urgently need such services. Generally the ultimate aims behind the formation of societies are essential support and guidance to the poor and backward classes; alleviation of poverty or illiteracy; employment generation; education; betterment in agriculture; health and hygiene; environmental awareness; and so on. These can also be set up for certain special services to the specified classes of people or sector, or for certain noble campaigns or missions. Thus, these societies collectively have been contributing significantly for the well-rounded development, uplift, and prosperity of the indigent needy and deprived people of the society in general.
For society registration the Act in effect in India, is the Societies Registration Act of 1860, which was formulated under the British Raj. This Act is one of the most prominent and popularly used Acts in India for NGOs and Societies formation, for social development and welfare, and specific literary, scientific, or charitable purposes. We offer complete and exclusive information, guidance, and support regarding the formation of these all types of societies, society registration procedure, and online society registration. The society registration form can be obtained from the concerned office of the Registrar of Societies, under the jurisdiction of which the society is to work after registration. However, a society registered under any State jurisdiction is free to work anywhere in the country, provided it follows strictly certain recommendations and rules imposed on by regulating authorities at local, regional, State, or Federal levels.
Apart from this society’s registration act of 1860, various other laws or acts associated with the operation, regulation, grants, and tax-exemption of the societies are - Income Tax Act, 1961; and the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 1976.
The Article 19(1)(c) of the Constitution of India, offers its resident citizens the rights to form any legal association or entity for certain high and noble objectives, philanthropic public services, or social development and welfare activities. A minimum of only seven members are necessary for such society registration. These societies registered under the societies registration act of 1860, are great means for philanthropic services to specific or general people of the regions or nationwide, or even worldwide, in certain selected fields. Such a society offer recognized platform to the intellectuals, visionaries, motivators, professionals, social workers, traditionalists, leaders, social reformers, and so on, to discharge their social responsibilities generously and fruitfully, as per their creativity, directions, and innovations. For doing these all, they can also find support of governmental funds and policies, at local, State, regional, or national levels. The provisions of tax exemptions for certain projects and activities are also offered by the governments. Foreign contributions are also granted under FCRA for some developmental programmes for certain classes of people.